The Golovanov Memorial Apartment
The Memorial Apartment exhibits the rich heritage of Nikolai Golovanov, a prominent representative of the Russian school of conducting and a composer and collector. This heritage includes Golovanov’s collections of paintings, sculptures, and decorative arts, his archive and his library of books and scores.
The Museum is located in a house where major artists from the Bolshoi Theatre resided starting in 1935. Among these artists, we can name Antonina Nezhdanova, Alexander Pirogov, Maria Maksakova, Ivan Kozlovsky, Mark Reizen. Nikolai Golovanov resided here for almost 20 years. Today, his home continues to live a rich cultural life. Memorial Apartment is a meeting point both for professionals and amateurs of music and painting. You may visit it for a vocal or instrumental concert, a workshop by a famous conductor, interactive classes or a round table session with the art community.
Visitors are welcome to see four rooms: a study, a living room, a dining room, and a former bedroom. Here you will see paintings by Mikhail Nesterov, Konstantin Korovin, Vasily Vereshchagin, and Aleksandr Golovin, numerous portrait sculptures, Empire antique furniture... Posters, photos, playbills, documents, and other items from Golovanov’s archive will help you to trace his artistic career.
While residing in this house located in Bryusov pereulok, Nikolai Golovanov headed the country’s best orchestras, like the Great Symphony Orchestra of the All-Union Radio and the Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra.
The period when Nikolai Golovanov worked in the Bolshoi Theatre marked an entire era in the history of Russian theater and musical culture. The musician worked here intermittently for more than 40 years.
Having graduated from the Moscow Conservatory, Nikolai Golovanov started his career as conductor at the Bolshoi Theatre in 1915.
After the October Revolution of 1917, he joined Stanislavsky's Opera Studio as musical director and became one of the founders and the creative director of the Great Symphony Orchestra of the USSR State Committee for Radio Broadcasting and a professor at the Moscow Conservatory. He was the teacher of a number of famous conductors, including Leo Ginzburg, Gennady Rozhdestvensky, and Boris Khaykin.
Nikolai Golovanov was an inspired and demanding artist who took the artistic skill of opera performances to a new, unprecedented level. His performances of the musical dramas of Modest Mussorgsky and the operas of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov and Alexander Borodin are among the greatest masterpieces of Russian musical art.
His interpretations of symphonic works by Mikhail Glinka, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Alexander Borodin, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Modest Mussorgsky, and Alexander Glazunov were exceptionally profound.
Nikolai Golovanov was also an outstanding interpreter of modern music. He conducted the first performances of Symphony No. 5, Symphony No. 6, Symphony No. 22, and Symphony No. 23 by Nikolai Myaskovsky, Symphony No. 3 by Sergei Rachmaninov (first performance in the USSR), and Symphony No. 2 by Tikhon Khrennikov.